Regarding the Paracel
Islands and other reefs and islands in the Spratly Islands, which
the People's Republic of China invaded and occupied in 1956, 1974,
1988, and 1992, the Vietnamese people will never accept any compromise
on the fact that they are the integral parts of Vietnam; and that
the Chinese government must be held accountable for all inhumane
damages caused to Vietnamese fishermen and their relatives. Any
compromise made by parties, including the goverment of the Socialist
Republic of Vietnam, either explicitly or implicitly to give up
part or all of this territory will be considered to violate the
sovereingty of the country and the people of Vietnam and such compromise
is totally illegitimate. NTHF, June 26, 2011.
China Sea" to "Southeast Asia Sea"
supporters from more
than 130 countries have signed the petition
won't have to call it the South China Sea
because it is not just
Aquino III - The Philippines
"The time for
donations, the time for just gifts, is over. We have to be very
innovative, we have to be very collaborative in our approach."
CCP and WHO
for spread of
Ask Google to remove
"Nine-Dotted Line" and label "China" at Paracel
and Spratly Islands
for making one step closer to defeating China's expansionism in
the Southeast Asia Sea.
Communist People's Liberation Army Navy
attacked, robbed and murdered Vietnamese fishermen
is absolutely no excuse for such inhumanity."
Picture: A fisherman was robbed and murdered
by Chinese Communist naval forces in the Gulf of Tonkin. His body
was stuffed in a fishing basket of ice and brought back to his family
U.S. Position on Maritime
Claims in the South China Sea
MICHAEL R. POMPEO, SECRETARY OF STATE
JULY 13, 2020
The world will not allow Beijing
to treat the South China Sea as its maritime empire. America stands
with our Southeast Asian allies and partners in protecting their
sovereign rights to offshore resources, consistent with their rights
and obligations under international law. We stand with the international
community in defense of freedom of the seas and respect for sovereignty
and reject any push to impose “might makes right” in the South China
Sea or the wider region.
shared interests have come under unprecedented threat from the People’s
Republic of China (PRC). Beijing uses intimidation to undermine
the sovereign rights of Southeast Asian coastal states in the South
China Sea, bully them out of offshore resources, assert unilateral
dominion, and replace international law with “might makes right.”
Beijing’s approach has been clear for years. In 2010, then-PRC Foreign
Minister Yang Jiechi told his ASEAN counterparts that “China is
a big country and other countries are small countries and that is
just a fact.” The PRC’s predatory world view has no place in the
The PRC has no legal grounds to unilaterally
impose its will on the region. Beijing has offered no coherent legal
basis for its “Nine-Dashed Line” claim in the South China Sea since
formally announcing it in 2009. In a unanimous decision on July
12, 2016, an Arbitral Tribunal constituted under the 1982 Law of
the Sea Convention – to which the PRC is a state party – rejected
the PRC’s maritime claims as having no basis in international law.
The Tribunal sided squarely with the Philippines, which brought
the arbitration case, on almost all claims.
As the United States has previously
stated, and as specifically provided in the Convention, the Arbitral
Tribunal’s decision is final and legally binding on both parties.
Today we are aligning the U.S. position on the PRC’s maritime claims
in the SCS with the Tribunal’s decision. Specifically:
Australia says China's South China
Sea claims are unlawful
Reuter | July 25, 2020
(Reuters) - Australia has joined the United States in stating that
China’s claims in the South China Sea do not comply with international
law in a declaration likely to anger China and put more strain on
their deteriorating relations.
The United States this month rejected
China’s claims to offshore resources in most of the South China
Sea, drawing criticism from China which said the U.S. position raised
tension in the region.
Australia, in a declaration filed
at the United Nations in New York on Friday, said it too rejected
China’s maritime claims around contested islands in the South China
Sea as being inconsistent with the UN Convention on the Law of the
“Australia rejects China’s claim to
‘historic rights’ or ‘maritime rights and interests’ as established
in the ‘long course of historical practice’ in the South China Sea,”
Vote in Japan to change status of
disputed islands threatens to raise tensions with China
By Brad Lendon and Junko Ogura, CNN
Updated 5:38 AM ET, Mon June 22, 2020
Hong Kong (CNN) - A bill that changes
the status of an island chain claimed by both Japan and China was
approved by a city council in Okinawa on Monday, generating a strong
protest from Beijing, which said it had dispatched coast guard ships
to the area.
The Ishigaki City Council in Japan's
Okinawa prefecture approved the legislation that changes the administrative
status of the uninhabited island group, known as the Senkakus in
Japan and the Diaoyus in China.
The bill changes the name of the islands for administrative purposes
from "Tonoshiro" to Tonoshiro Senkaku" to avoid confusion
with another area of Ishigaki, Japan's NHK News reported.
The islands, 1,200 miles (1,931 kilometers) southwest of Tokyo,
have been administered by Japan since 1972, but both Tokyo and Beijing
say their claims to the group date back hundreds of years.
The South China
Sea: What’s in a name?
Manila Times | 4.11.2016
By Amb. Jaime Yambao
Formerly Ambassador of the Philippines to Pakistan. He was also
the Foreign Affairs Assistant Secretary for European Affairs.
anomaly has been perpetrated in map after map through the centuries
in the absence of any protest from Southeast Asia. Indeed, the consciousness
of belonging to a region called Southeast Asia is fairly new among
the peoples of the area. Even after Asean has become an integrated
economy, many of them have still to think of themselves as Southeast
Asians. The petition of the Nguyen Thai Hoc Foundation would be
a test of the progress of regional integration in Southeast Asia.
The regional unit called Southeast Asia, argues the Foundation,
is recognized by the UN. This petition’s success will prove whether
this unity exists not only in the physical world but in the minds
and hearts of the people of the region.
Mer de Chine: Qu'y
a-t-il derrière un nom?
Manila Times | 4.11.2016
L'auteur: Amb. Jaime Yambao
Le traducteur: Elizabeth Lan Tran
erreur perdurait carte après carte à travers les siècles dans l'absence
de contestation de l'Asie du Sud-Est. Effectivement, la notion même
de l'appartenance à une région désignée "Asie du Sud-Est"
est encore assez nouvelle parmi les peuples de la région, Même après
que l'ASEAN soit devenue une zone économique intégrée, peu de gens
se reconnaissent Sud-Est Asiatiques. La pétition de la Fondation
Nguyen Thai Hoc mettrait donc en épreuve le progrès de l'intégration
de l'Asie du Sud-Est. L'entité dite "Asie du Sud-Est",
argumente de la Fondation, est reconnue par l'ONU. Le succès de
cette pétition prouvera si cette unité existe non seulement dans
le monde réel mais aussi dans l'esprit et le coeur des habitants
de la région.
China has no historic
rights to resources in South China Sea, says UN-backed tribunal
In a landmark ruling on Tuesday (July
12), a UN-backed arbitral tribunal concluded that China has no legal
basis to claim "historic rights" to resources in the South
China Sea and it has violated the Philippines' sovereign rights
in the disputed waters.
In a 497-page ruling that overwhelmingly
favours the Philippines, the five-member tribunal said Beijing “had
no historic rights to resources in the waters of the South China
China's nine-dash line map of the
1940s claims nearly the entire South China Sea. It protrudes from
China's southern Hainan island, loops 1,611 km away towards Indonesia,
and then links back to the mainland in a cow-tongue shape.
The Emperor’s Mysterious Map and the
South China Sea
Is China censoring ancient clues to
the secret history of the Spratly Islands?
By John J. Tkacik, Taipei Times |
In the map quadrant encompassing
what we now know as the South China Sea was the legend, “The Great
Ming is renowned for the richness of its civilization. It comprises
all between the 15th and 42nd parallels. The other tributary realms
of the four seas are very numerous.”
A portion of an original 1602
Ricci Map at the University of Minnesota that has the legend about
the Ming Empire’s borders erased.Jun 27, 2016. Photo courtesy of
John J. Tkacik
During the late Ming, the northern borders of the empire stopped
at the 42nd parallel along the Great Wall that protected China from
northern tribes. In the south, the empire ended at the Paracel Islands
(Xisha Islands, 西沙群島) on the 15th parallel in the South China Sea,
beyond which were the Ming vassal kingdoms of Southeast Asia.
The map was the collaborative work between an Italian Jesuit missionary
in Beijing, Matteo Ricci, and a famed Chinese geographer, Li Wocun
(李我存). Li compiled the data points for Ming territories, while Ricci
filled in the rest of the world and combined European and Chinese
geographic knowledge for the first time in Chinese or in any language.
Ricci’s map is precise documentation
that in 1608, Ming sovereignty stretched only as far south as the
Paracel Islands. The Spratly Islands (Nansha Islands, 南沙群島) , a
chain of rocks, reefs and sandbars known then as the “Long Sandbanks
of Ten-thousand Li” (萬里長沙), however, lay yet another 500km beyond
Ming waters, south of the 12th parallel.
Let's change the name
of the South China Sea
John T. Kuehn, Cimsec.org | 8.15.2015
mean things – China certainly sees it that way, so should we. Why
continue to give her a stick, albeit a rhetorical stick, that she
can hit us, her neighbors, and the international community with?
We can and should start simple—at least inside our government and
the Department of Defense (DoD).
Submitted for your consideration (pretend
this is a Rod Serling sounding voice). Imagine that the United States
diplomatic corps starting doing the sort of thing all of these less-than-cooperative
states like China, Russia, Iran, and Daesh (the Islamic State) have
been doing. Imagine calling things by a name that suits our purposes,
even if it is different than what is on a map. I propose we quit
calling the body of water that is surrounded on most of its many
sides by Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore,
Borneo, and Malaysia by another name other the South China Sea.
This was the name was given to it by Europeans, the Chinese simply
calling it the “south sea” for most of their own history. I propose
instead we call it the Indochina Sea. Period.
South China Sea: Time
To Change The Name – Analysis
South China Sea to Southeast Asia Sea?
The third challenge is how to
defuse, on a long-term basis the South China Sea disputes at the
mindshare level. Perhaps the time has come for the South China Sea
to be renamed.
One appropriate alternative – is to
call it the Southeast Asia Sea. The South China Sea was previously
called the Champa Sea after the seventh century kingdom of Champa
in today’s Vietnam. The point is, it was not always known as the
South China Sea. Apparently, a petition to change the name to the
Southeast Asia Sea has already been started.
The Philippines has also taken a similar
step by calling it the West Philippine Sea. “When people keep referring
to the South China Sea, there is a subliminal message that this
sea belongs to a country whose name appears in the name,” says a
Philippine Armed Forces spokesman. The online petition, by a Vietnamese
foundation, kicked off in 2010 with at least 10,000 supporters from
76 countries, addressed to the presidents and prime ministers of
11 Southeast Asian states as well as the United Nations and several
A people-driven initiative like this
is in keeping with the
Vietnamese stand up against China's
terrorist attacks and expansionism in the Southeast Asia Sea
Image (LB): People take to streets in Hanoi to protest
China's aggression on July 22, 2012.
ảnh (Lê Dũng)
STOP CHINA'S TERRORIST ATTACKS
IN THE SOUTHEAST ASIA SEA
Image (Huynh Ngọc Chênh): Vietnamese people take
to streets in Ha Noi to protest China's invasion of territorial
waters of Vietnam and Southeast Asia Sea on July 8, 2012.
Ảnh (danchimviet): Protesters carrying banner reading:
Justice and Peace in Southeast Asia Sea - Denounce Sānshā Shì. Hanoi,
July 8, 2012.
Image (Nguyễn Văn Hưng - FB): Saigon's people protest
China's invasion of territorial waters of Vietnam and Southeast
Asia Sea on July 1, 2012.
activists hold anti-China rally (AFP)
Statements by Nguyen Hoang Vi, a human
rights activist and a female pro-reform blogger
"I, Nguyen Hoang Vi, a Vietnamese citizen has
become a "mobile prisoner" because I dare to obey the
Constitution, support a resolution of the Congress, fulfill my duties
to the country, take the streets to protest China for violations
of the territorial sovereignty of Vietnam."
"In the spirit of transparency, I continue to
publish all that have happened to me personally because I believe
that they also have happened to other people as well; and I do not
accept tricks of mental abuse against one individual, which have
been continuously and quietly carried out every second against individual
patriots after the excitement of the public of the 1 July 2012 demonstration
has been settled down."
Image (danlambao): Nguyen Hoang Vi and her son
South China Sea to Southeast Asian Sea (ASEAN SEA)
By RASTI DELIZO, the Star | May 20, 2012
a start, Asean must immediately propose that the area already be
declared a “Shared Regional Area of Essential Commons” or SRAEC.
Likewise, this conceptual entity must also be outlined
according to its factually precise geographic location on the global
map. Because it is clearly located within an area bounded by at
least seven littoral South-East Asian states all belonging to ASEAN,
it should instead be renamed as the “South-East Asian Sea”.
In general, the SRAEC has to be recognised and upheld
by all the common stakeholders presently involved in the region’s
to bring Scarborough Shoal row to international court
By ROBERT D. KAPLAN, Atlantic Magazine | June, 2012
China's nine-dashed line in South China Sea
By David Lague, AFP | May 25, 2012
Change Could Foster Talks
by Joshua Lipes
- RFA, June 21, 2011
say South China Sea implies Chinese ownership of the disputed waters.
“Maybe what we should do for a start
is to change the name. Call it the Friendship Sea or Sea of Peace.
I think then we can start negotiating,” said Termsak Chalermpalanupap,
Director of ASEAN’s Political and Security Directorate.
An official from the Association of
Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has suggested that changing the
name of the South China Sea may help kick-start negotiations to
resolve a longstanding maritime territorial dispute among China
and five other Asian states.
Armed Patrols on the Mekong
by Khanh Vu Duc,
Asia Sentinel | Nov 15, 2011
armed escorts won’t assuage fears of Chinese assertiveness or expansionism.
If China is serious in protecting its
vessels against threats, it cannot ignore the greater malaise that
is lawlessness. Moreover, it should not act alone when the matter
at hand is a regional affair. If China is serious in preventing
the death of more sailors, it must do so under the framework of
joint-responsibility. Until the law is brought to bear over the
Golden Triangle, it does not matter how many armed patrols China
or its neighbors send to travel up and down the Mekong River.
petition to demand cancellation of the Xayaburi Dam
letter will be emailed to the Mekong River Commission's Council,
comprised of Ministers from Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia,
and hard copies of all the signatures will be presented to each
of the governments on Monday, April 18.
Next Tuesday, a crucial decision will be made over
the fate of the Mekong River in Southeast Asia. On April 19th, the
governments of Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam will decide
whether to build the first dam on the lower Mekong mainstream, the
Xayaburi Dam. Located in northern Laos, this dam is the first of
11 large hydropower dams that – if built – would devastate the world’s
most productive freshwater fishery.
Mekong River Basin is defined by the land area surrounding all the
streams and rivers that flow into the Mekong River. This includes
parts of China, Myanmar and Viet Nam, nearly one third of Thailand
and most of Cambodia and Lao PDR. With a total land area of 795
000 square kilometres, the Mekong River Basin is nearly the size
of France and Germany together. From its headwaters thousands of
metres high on the Tibetan Plateau, it flows through six distinct
geographical regions, each with characteristic features of elevation,
topography and land cover. It would take 2 days of twenty-four hour
driving at 100 km per hour to drive the same distance as the length
of the Mekong River (4800 km).