Regarding the Paracel
Islands and other reefs and islands in the Spratly Islands, which
the People's Republic of China invaded and occupied in 1956, 1974,
1988, and 1992, the Vietnamese people will never accept any compromise
on the fact that they are the integral parts of Vietnam; and that
the Chinese government must be held accountable for all inhumane
damages caused to Vietnamese fishermen and their relatives. Any
compromise made by parties, including the goverment of the Socialist
Republic of Vietnam, either explicitly or implicitly to give up
part or all of this territory will be considered to violate the
sovereingty of the country and the people of Vietnam and such compromise
is totally illegitimate. NTHF, June 26, 2011.
China Sea" to "Southeast Asia Sea"
supporters from more
than 130 countries have signed the petition
won't have to call it the South China Sea
because it is not just
Aquino III - The Philippines
"The time for
donations, the time for just gifts, is over. We have to be very
innovative, we have to be very collaborative in our approach."
Ask Google to remove
"Nine-Dotted Line" and label "China" at Paracel
and Spratly Islands
for making one step closer to defeating China's expansionism in
the Southeast Asia Sea.
Communist People's Liberation Army Navy
attacked, robbed and murdered Vietnamese fishermen
is absolutely no excuse for such inhumanity."
Picture: A fisherman was robbed and murdered
by Chinese Communist naval forces in the Gulf of Tonkin. His body
was stuffed in a fishing basket of ice and brought back to his family
EU criticises 'militarisation' of
South China Sea
AFP | August 5, 2019
US, EU and Australia have all called for freedom of navigation in
the South China Sea, which is also contested by Taiwan, the Philippines,
Malaysia and Brunei.
The "militarisation" of
the South China Sea is threatening peace in the contested waterway,
the EU's top diplomat said Monday in Hanoi, echoing warnings from
the US as pressure mounts against Beijing's ambitions in the region.
China has been accused of deploying
warships, arming outposts and ramming fishing vessels in the resource-rich
sea, sparking ire from other claimants.
On Monday, the European Union's foreign
policy chief Federica Mogherini said the bloc was concerned over
"increasing tension" in the area.
"We believe that this tension,
this militarisation, is definitely not conducive to a peaceful environment,"
Beijing says it has sovereignty over
the majority of the sea based on the so-called nine-dash line it
uses to back its claims.
Prepare for a More Authoritarian China
by Ted Galen Carpenter | National
Interest, August 3, 2019
China may be getting richer, but that's
not making it freer.
also are multiple signs of a more assertive, uncompromising Chinese
policy in the South China Sea. China’s protests about U.S. “freedom
of navigation” patrols have become increasingly shrill, and China’s
warships are now shadowing and harassing the American vessels. There
are worrisome threats from the Chinese military hierarchy to escalate
the confrontational policy.
Developments in recent years should
create doubts about that assumption. Under President Xi Jinping,
China has become noticeably more authoritarian, not less, at home.
His presidency has been characterized by an insistence that all
individuals in positions of responsibility devote more serious study
of and adherence to Marxist-Leninist doctrine.
Beijing’s foreign policy is exhibiting
a similar worrisome
pattern. As its military power has
expanded, China’s behavior has become noticeably less accommodating,
if not outright aggressive, in such locales as the East China Sea,
the Taiwan Strait, and the South China Sea. In the East China Sea,
Beijing is contesting Japan’s control of the Senkaku islands and
pressing its own claim to that territory. In addition to national
pride, China’s pressure reflects a desire to control extensive fishing
resources and probable oil and mineral wealth in the waters surrounding
the uninhabited Senkakus.
True, greater economic openness and
trade with the outside world has produced a remarkable improvement
in the living standards of the Chinese people, and that development
is gratifying. But members of the political and foreign policy communities
in the United States and throughout the democratic West need to
face the reality that such progress has not led either to political
reform in China or more accommodating behavior from Beijing abroad.
Indeed, the trends in both cases point in the opposite direction.
Support for Philippines’ diplomatic
protest against Chinese boats ‘swarming’ in disputed South China
Francine Chen | Bloomberg
August 1, 2019
Manila’s diplomatic protest over
Chinese boats “swarming” near a Philippine-administered island in
the South China Sea has been supported by several senators and analysts,
who urged the government to be more assertive in defending the country’s
“We should not tire of peacefully
airing out our grievance,” Senator Ralph Recto told local media,
while former foreign affairs secretary Albert del Rosario said Manila
should go to the United Nations if its diplomatic protest proved
Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jnr confirmed via Twitter he had
filed a protest after the Philippines’ top security official revealed
more than 100 Chinese boats were observed “swarming” near Pag-asa
Island, also known as Thitu Island, in February and July.
“I think that Secretary Locsin is
doing his best in terms of the issues we have against China,” Del
Rosario told CNN Philippines.
Beijing Praising Duterte,
As Filipinos Count Their Losses From His South China Sea flip-flops
July 25, 2019
The trouble is that the “peace”
and “cooperation” agreed to is on Beijing’s terms, as the Philippines
scored an international arbitration ruling that China has no historic
title over the waters of the South China Sea. This means that any
“joint development” project in the disputed waters will divide up
what belongs to the Philippines.
While China had kind words for Duterte,
it has criticized other countries in the region for not sharing
his vision. “Some countries concerned, even countries outside the
region, are very sensitive about China's movements in the South
China Sea,” notes the Global Times editorial. “These countries over-interpret
China's decisions, accuse China of "bullying," and even
sow dissension among countries in the region to benefit from it.”
Apparently, Beijing is referring to
Vietnam, Indonesia, and Malaysia, which have been confrontational
rather than befriending Beijing.
But these countries have done a better
job in defending their own interests than Duterte has done for the
The South China
Sea: What’s in a name?
Manila Times | 4.11.2016
By Amb. Jaime Yambao
Formerly Ambassador of the Philippines to Pakistan. He was also
the Foreign Affairs Assistant Secretary for European Affairs.
this sunken civilization of Southeast Asia be memorialized with
its name or identity on the sea that covers it?
The anomaly has been perpetrated in
map after map through the centuries in the absence of any protest
from Southeast Asia. Indeed, the consciousness of belonging to a
region called Southeast Asia is fairly new among the peoples of
the area. Even after Asean has become an integrated economy, many
of them have still to think of themselves as Southeast Asians. The
petition of the Nguyen Thai Hoc Foundation would be a test of the
progress of regional integration in Southeast Asia. The regional
unit called Southeast Asia, argues the Foundation, is recognized
by the UN. This petition’s success will prove whether this unity
exists not only in the physical world but in the minds and hearts
of the people of the region.
Vietnam police stop
fishermen marching to make claims at steel firm
Reuters | Feb 14, 2017
Witnesses said police had beaten
and arrested some of the protesters.
"Police beat me, they caused
a few scratches," Nguyen Dinh Thuc, a priest leading the group,
told Reuters by telephone.
Police in Vietnam stopped hundreds
of protesters on Tuesday from marching to present compensation claims
against a steel plant over a toxic spill last year, activists said.
Tens of millions of fish were killed
in one of Vietnam's biggest environmental disasters, which was caused
by a unit of Taiwan conglomerate Formosa Plastics.
The protesters, many of them fishermen,
had planned to travel from central Nghe An province to submit their
claims in Ha Tinh, where the company is based, about 180 km (112
miles) to the north.
But activists said police stopped
the protesters' vehicles, and later stopped them, after they had
walked 20 km (12 miles) towards their destination.
Vietnam police halt anti-China protest
Reuters | 1.19.2017
HANOI (Reuters) - Police in Vietnam's
capital stopped an anti-China protest within minutes on Thursday
at a ceremony to commemorate a clash between the two countries in
the South China Sea more than four decades ago.
The protest in Hanoi started after
a peaceful commemoration for soldiers of what was then South Vietnam
who were killed in 1974, when China seized the Paracel islands,
which it still holds.
Police dragged about 20 protesters
on to a bus after they ignored a warning to disperse and began marching
with banners and chanting "Demolish China's Invasion"
and other slogans.
The government and police made no
comment and state-controlled media did not report the protest.
China and Vietnam last week pledged
to manage their differences and safeguard peace in the South China
Sea during a visit to Beijing by Vietnamese Communist Party chief
Nguyen Phu Trong.
The potential for the busy waterway
to become a global flashpoint was highlighted last week when the
nominee for U.S. Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, told a Senate
hearing that China should be denied access to islands it has built
Mer de Chine: Qu'y
a-t-il derrière un nom?
Manila Times | 4.11.2016
L'auteur: Amb. Jaime Yambao
Le traducteur: Elizabeth Lan Tran
civilisation disparue sous les flots de l'Asie du Sud-Est ne mérite-elle
pas d'être immortalisée en donnant son nom à la mer qui l'a recouverte?
Cette erreur perdurait carte après
carte à travers les siècles dans l'absence de contestation de l'Asie
du Sud-Est. Effectivement, la notion même de l'appartenance à une
région désignée "Asie du Sud-Est" est encore assez nouvelle
parmi les peuples de la région, Même après que l'ASEAN soit devenue
une zone économique intégrée, peu de gens se reconnaissent Sud-Est
Asiatiques. La pétition de la Fondation Nguyen Thai Hoc mettrait
donc en épreuve le progrès de l'intégration de l'Asie du Sud-Est.
L'entité dite "Asie du Sud-Est", argumente de la Fondation,
est reconnue par l'ONU. Le succès de cette pétition prouvera si
cette unité existe non seulement dans le monde réel mais aussi dans
l'esprit et le coeur des habitants de la région.
China has no historic
rights to resources in South China Sea, says UN-backed tribunal
In a landmark ruling on Tuesday (July
12), a UN-backed arbitral tribunal concluded that China has no legal
basis to claim "historic rights" to resources in the South
China Sea and it has violated the Philippines' sovereign rights
in the disputed waters.
In a 497-page ruling that overwhelmingly
favours the Philippines, the five-member tribunal said Beijing “had
no historic rights to resources in the waters of the South China
China's nine-dash line map of the
1940s claims nearly the entire South China Sea. It protrudes from
China's southern Hainan island, loops 1,611 km away towards Indonesia,
and then links back to the mainland in a cow-tongue shape.
The Emperor’s Mysterious Map and the
South China Sea
Is China censoring ancient clues to
the secret history of the Spratly Islands?
By John J. Tkacik, Taipei Times |
In the map quadrant encompassing
what we now know as the South China Sea was the legend, “The Great
Ming is renowned for the richness of its civilization. It comprises
all between the 15th and 42nd parallels. The other tributary realms
of the four seas are very numerous.”
A portion of an original 1602
Ricci Map at the University of Minnesota that has the legend about
the Ming Empire’s borders erased.Jun 27, 2016. Photo courtesy of
John J. Tkacik
During the late Ming, the northern borders of the empire stopped
at the 42nd parallel along the Great Wall that protected China from
northern tribes. In the south, the empire ended at the Paracel Islands
(Xisha Islands, 西沙群島) on the 15th parallel in the South China Sea,
beyond which were the Ming vassal kingdoms of Southeast Asia.
The map was the collaborative work between an Italian Jesuit missionary
in Beijing, Matteo Ricci, and a famed Chinese geographer, Li Wocun
(李我存). Li compiled the data points for Ming territories, while Ricci
filled in the rest of the world and combined European and Chinese
geographic knowledge for the first time in Chinese or in any language.
Ricci’s map is precise documentation
that in 1608, Ming sovereignty stretched only as far south as the
Paracel Islands. The Spratly Islands (Nansha Islands, 南沙群島) , a
chain of rocks, reefs and sandbars known then as the “Long Sandbanks
of Ten-thousand Li” (萬里長沙), however, lay yet another 500km beyond
Ming waters, south of the 12th parallel.
Let's change the name
of the South China Sea
John T. Kuehn, Cimsec.org | 8.15.2015
mean things – China certainly sees it that way, so should we. Why
continue to give her a stick, albeit a rhetorical stick, that she
can hit us, her neighbors, and the international community with?
We can and should start simple—at least inside our government and
the Department of Defense (DoD).
Submitted for your consideration (pretend
this is a Rod Serling sounding voice). Imagine that the United States
diplomatic corps starting doing the sort of thing all of these less-than-cooperative
states like China, Russia, Iran, and Daesh (the Islamic State) have
been doing. Imagine calling things by a name that suits our purposes,
even if it is different than what is on a map. I propose we quit
calling the body of water that is surrounded on most of its many
sides by Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore,
Borneo, and Malaysia by another name other the South China Sea.
This was the name was given to it by Europeans, the Chinese simply
calling it the “south sea” for most of their own history. I propose
instead we call it the Indochina Sea. Period.
South China Sea: Time
To Change The Name – Analysis
South China Sea to Southeast Asia Sea?
The third challenge is how to
defuse, on a long-term basis the South China Sea disputes at the
mindshare level. Perhaps the time has come for the South China Sea
to be renamed.
One appropriate alternative – is to
call it the Southeast Asia Sea. The South China Sea was previously
called the Champa Sea after the seventh century kingdom of Champa
in today’s Vietnam. The point is, it was not always known as the
South China Sea. Apparently, a petition to change the name to the
Southeast Asia Sea has already been started.
The Philippines has also taken a similar
step by calling it the West Philippine Sea. “When people keep referring
to the South China Sea, there is a subliminal message that this
sea belongs to a country whose name appears in the name,” says a
Philippine Armed Forces spokesman. The online petition, by a Vietnamese
foundation, kicked off in 2010 with at least 10,000 supporters from
76 countries, addressed to the presidents and prime ministers of
11 Southeast Asian states as well as the United Nations and several
A people-driven initiative like this
is in keeping with the
Vietnamese stand up against China's
terrorist attacks and expansionism in the Southeast Asia Sea
Image (LB): People take to streets in Hanoi to protest
China's aggression on July 22, 2012.
ảnh (Lê Dũng)
STOP CHINA'S TERRORIST ATTACKS
IN THE SOUTHEAST ASIA SEA
Image (Huynh Ngọc Chênh): Vietnamese people take
to streets in Ha Noi to protest China's invasion of territorial
waters of Vietnam and Southeast Asia Sea on July 8, 2012.
Ảnh (danchimviet): Protesters carrying banner reading:
Justice and Peace in Southeast Asia Sea - Denounce Sānshā Shì. Hanoi,
July 8, 2012.
Image (Nguyễn Văn Hưng - FB): Saigon's people protest
China's invasion of territorial waters of Vietnam and Southeast
Asia Sea on July 1, 2012.
activists hold anti-China rally (AFP)
Statements by Nguyen Hoang Vi, a human
rights activist and a female pro-reform blogger
"I, Nguyen Hoang Vi, a Vietnamese citizen has
become a "mobile prisoner" because I dare to obey the
Constitution, support a resolution of the Congress, fulfill my duties
to the country, take the streets to protest China for violations
of the territorial sovereignty of Vietnam."
"In the spirit of transparency, I continue to
publish all that have happened to me personally because I believe
that they also have happened to other people as well; and I do not
accept tricks of mental abuse against one individual, which have
been continuously and quietly carried out every second against individual
patriots after the excitement of the public of the 1 July 2012 demonstration
has been settled down."
Image (danlambao): Nguyen Hoang Vi and her son
South China Sea to Southeast Asian Sea (ASEAN SEA)
By RASTI DELIZO, the Star | May 20, 2012
a start, Asean must immediately propose that the area already be
declared a “Shared Regional Area of Essential Commons” or SRAEC.
Likewise, this conceptual entity must also be outlined
according to its factually precise geographic location on the global
map. Because it is clearly located within an area bounded by at
least seven littoral South-East Asian states all belonging to ASEAN,
it should instead be renamed as the “South-East Asian Sea”.
In general, the SRAEC has to be recognised and upheld
by all the common stakeholders presently involved in the region’s
to bring Scarborough Shoal row to international court
By ROBERT D. KAPLAN, Atlantic Magazine | June, 2012
China's nine-dashed line in South China Sea
By David Lague, AFP | May 25, 2012
STAND UP AGAINST CHINA'S BULLYING!
Frank Ching, Diplomat - Oct
mix of historical and legal claims in the South China Sea are inconsistent,
says Frank Ching. Beijing can’t have its cake and eat it.
The claims made by Southeast Asian countries rest
primarily on the provisions of the Law of the Sea. China, however,
is taking the position that its sovereignty over the territories
concerned precedes the enactment of the Law of the Sea, and so the
law doesn’t apply. History trumps law.
And, if history is to be the criterion, which period
of history should be decisive? After all, if the Qin or Han dynasty
is to be taken as the benchmark, then China’s territory today would
be much smaller, since at the time it had not yet acquired Tibet,
Xinjiang or Manchuria, now known as the northeast.
Change Could Foster Talks
by Joshua Lipes
- RFA, June 21, 2011
say South China Sea implies Chinese ownership of the disputed waters.
“Maybe what we should do for a start
is to change the name. Call it the Friendship Sea or Sea of Peace.
I think then we can start negotiating,” said Termsak Chalermpalanupap,
Director of ASEAN’s Political and Security Directorate.
An official from the Association of
Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has suggested that changing the
name of the South China Sea may help kick-start negotiations to
resolve a longstanding maritime territorial dispute among China
and five other Asian states.
Armed Patrols on the Mekong
by Khanh Vu Duc,
Asia Sentinel | Nov 15, 2011
armed escorts won’t assuage fears of Chinese assertiveness or expansionism.
If China is serious in protecting its
vessels against threats, it cannot ignore the greater malaise that
is lawlessness. Moreover, it should not act alone when the matter
at hand is a regional affair. If China is serious in preventing
the death of more sailors, it must do so under the framework of
joint-responsibility. Until the law is brought to bear over the
Golden Triangle, it does not matter how many armed patrols China
or its neighbors send to travel up and down the Mekong River.
petition to demand cancellation of the Xayaburi Dam
letter will be emailed to the Mekong River Commission's Council,
comprised of Ministers from Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia,
and hard copies of all the signatures will be presented to each
of the governments on Monday, April 18.
Next Tuesday, a crucial decision will be made over
the fate of the Mekong River in Southeast Asia. On April 19th, the
governments of Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam will decide
whether to build the first dam on the lower Mekong mainstream, the
Xayaburi Dam. Located in northern Laos, this dam is the first of
11 large hydropower dams that – if built – would devastate the world’s
most productive freshwater fishery.
Mekong River Basin is defined by the land area surrounding all the
streams and rivers that flow into the Mekong River. This includes
parts of China, Myanmar and Viet Nam, nearly one third of Thailand
and most of Cambodia and Lao PDR. With a total land area of 795
000 square kilometres, the Mekong River Basin is nearly the size
of France and Germany together. From its headwaters thousands of
metres high on the Tibetan Plateau, it flows through six distinct
geographical regions, each with characteristic features of elevation,
topography and land cover. It would take 2 days of twenty-four hour
driving at 100 km per hour to drive the same distance as the length
of the Mekong River (4800 km).